he was dead declared by Her namesake fashion house, which did not specify the reason.
Ms. Westwood went on to be a formidable fashionista as she burst onto the London scene in the 1970s, when she helped punk rockers like the Sex Pistols with leather jackets, tattered shirts and safety pins. She later moved into couture design, experimenting with flashy pirate shirts and petticoats, tweed corsets and pinstripe tailoring, creating outfits that have been displayed in museums around the world.
Throughout her career she mixed fashion with politics, leveraging her fame to promote environmental causes, nuclear disarmament, vegetarianism and efforts to fight climate change. They emblazoned their shirts, jackets and dresses with activist slogans — “Politicians Are Criminals” and “We Are Not Disposable” — and urged their viewers to buy less, not more, unveiling a unisex line in 2017 that hopes to Men and women share the same clothing, including hats and tutu.
“Unisex may sound like a joke, but really, it’s about style and being able to dress the way you like,” she told The New York Times at a London Fashion Week event that year. “Swapping clothes with your partner means you can buy less, choose well and really make them last.”
Ms Westwood was initially known to have presided over a boutique on London’s King’s Road with Malcolm McLaren, who became manager of the Sex Pistols. “I was the messiah about punk,” he later recalled, “seeing if anyone could talk their way into the system.”
That anarchic sensibility was maintained long after the establishment embraced it in the Aquascutum suit he posed for the cover of Tatler magazine in 1989, which he said was intended for Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Three years later, when Queen Elizabeth II awarded her the Order of the British Empire, Ms Westwood – who was later named a Dame Commander – surprised photographers by turning around to reveal her outfit, a tailored skirt suit which he wore with sheer tights but no underwear.
“I have an in-built perversion,” he said in an interview for John Savage’s book “England’s Dreaming,” a kind of in-built clock that reacts against anything orthodox.
Vivienne Isabelle Swire was born on April 8, 1941, in Glossop, an English town east of Manchester. His mother, a tailor who made her own clothes, preferred standard fare for her three children; Ms Westwood said she began to dabble in fashion when her mother allowed her to choose her own clothes. She opted for a tight skirt and heels.
Ms Westwood briefly attended Harrow Art School and then went on to a teacher’s training college, where she got a job as a school teacher. Her marriage to Derek Westwood, a dance hall manager, ended in divorce, and in the mid-1960s she began a relationship with McLaren, with whom she collaborated as a designer.
Together they drew on the slim-tie, gelled-hair fashion style of the “Teddy Boys” of the 1950s, while also drawing on biker culture and sadomasochistic imagery. Under the slogan “Clothes for Heroes”, he designed leather and zippered clothing and “bondage” shirts with sleeves that wrapped around like a straitjacket. A T-shirt depicts Queen Elizabeth II with a safety pin piercing her lip.
His shop went by many names, including Too Young to Die and Too Fast to Live, but the one that attracted the most public attention was Sex. The name was printed in bloated pink letters above the door.
In 1981, she launched her first runway collection: gender-neutral clothing that evoked pirate imagery and 19th-century fashion. The style became part of the post-punk New Wave scene after it was adopted by pop stars Adam Ant and Boy George.
Ms. Westwood soon dissolved her partnership with McLaren, and went on to create designs including the mini-crini, a smaller version of the Victorian crinoline, and a lightweight corset designed to be worn outside a dress, which A ‘spark’ helped. The trend of the 90s prefers underwear as outerwear. In recent decades, she used her name for an expansion of retail partnerships including tea sets, hats, jewelry and fragrances.
She opened her first US boutique in Los Angeles in 2011.
Survivors include her husband of 30 years, Austrian designer Andreas Kronthaler; a son from her first marriage, erotic photographer Ben Westwood; and a son with McLaren, Joseph Corre, who co-founded the lingerie brand Agent Provocateur. Additional details on the survivors were not immediately available.
In 2008, Westwood’s wedding dress became the centerpiece of the movie “Sex and the City” when Sarah Jessica Parker’s character, Carrie Bradshaw, decides against Ms. Westwood’s Vera Wang dress in favor of billowy silk-and-taffeta. Ms Westwood was not impressed with the rest of the clothes shown in the film, later saying: “I went to the premiere and left after 10 minutes.”
When it comes to her own image, she often chooses relatively straightforward outfits to go with her distinctive bright-orange hair. “My fashion advice,” she told the Times in 2009, “is to have a flattering mirror at home and then forget about it.”